Duck Hunting in Open Fields: Techniques for Hunting Ducks in Open Areas

Duck Hunting in Open Fields: Techniques for Hunting Ducks in Open Areas

Are you an avid duck hunter looking to improve your skills in open field hunting? Hunting ducks in open areas requires a different set of techniques compared to hunting in dense marshes or wooded areas. In this article, we will explore various strategies and tips that will help you become a more successful duck hunter in open fields. From decoy placement to calling techniques, we will cover all aspects of duck hunting in open areas. So, grab your gear and get ready to elevate your hunting game!

Choosing the Right Location for Duck Hunting

Identifying suitable open fields

When it comes to duck hunting in open fields, choosing the right location is crucial. Look for open fields that provide the perfect environment for ducks to land and feed. These fields should have a good amount of vegetation, such as grasses and crops, which attract ducks for feeding purposes.

Factors to consider when selecting a hunting spot

There are several factors to consider when selecting a hunting spot in open fields. Firstly, consider the availability of cover. Ducks are naturally wary creatures, so having adequate cover, such as nearby trees, bushes, or natural landscape features, is essential to hide and blend in with the surroundings. This will increase your chances of successfully attracting and shooting ducks.

Additionally, take into account the wind direction. Ducks usually land into the wind, so positioning yourself in a spot where the wind favors their approach can greatly improve your hunting success. Pay attention to the prevailing wind patterns in the area and choose a spot accordingly.

Lastly, consider the visibility of the hunting spot. You want to be able to see approaching ducks and have a clear line of sight for shooting. Avoid areas with tall vegetation or obstructions that may hinder your ability to spot and target ducks effectively.

Importance of proximity to water sources

Proximity to water sources is of utmost importance when selecting a hunting spot for duck hunting in open fields. Ducks require water for various reasons, including drinking, bathing, and finding food sources such as aquatic plants and invertebrates. Therefore, identifying a location near water sources significantly increases the chances of attracting ducks to your hunting area.

Consider areas with nearby ponds, lakes, rivers, or wetlands. Ducks will often fly from these water sources to open fields for feeding. By being in close proximity to water, you create a natural corridor for ducks to fly over your hunting spot, increasing the likelihood of successful hunting opportunities.

In conclusion, choosing the right location for duck hunting in open fields involves identifying suitable open fields with ample vegetation, considering factors such as cover, wind direction, and visibility, and prioritizing proximity to water sources. By taking these factors into account, you can optimize your chances of a successful and rewarding duck hunting experience.

Equipment and Gear for Open Field Duck Hunting

Shotguns and ammunition selection

When it comes to duck hunting in open fields, having the right shotgun and ammunition is crucial for a successful hunt. Shotguns with a 12-gauge or 20-gauge are commonly used for duck hunting due to their versatility and effectiveness. These gauges provide enough power to take down ducks while still being manageable for most hunters.

In terms of ammunition selection, it is important to use non-toxic shot such as steel or bismuth. This is not only for legal compliance in many areas but also to protect the environment and the ducks themselves. Non-toxic shot is designed to minimize harm to waterfowl and prevent lead contamination in their habitats.

Decoys and their placement

Decoys play a vital role in attracting ducks to your hunting area. For open field duck hunting, it is recommended to use a mix of mallard, pintail, and teal decoys. These species are commonly found in open areas and using their decoys will increase your chances of attracting ducks.

Placement of decoys is equally important. Try to create a realistic spread by spacing the decoys out in groups, mimicking how ducks naturally congregate. Place them in a scattered pattern, leaving enough space for incoming ducks to land safely. It is also a good idea to use motion decoys such as spinning-wing decoys or jerk rigs to add movement and further entice ducks.

Blinds and camouflage

To conceal yourself from the keen eyes of ducks, a well-designed blind and proper camouflage are essential. For open field duck hunting, layout blinds or pit blinds are commonly used. These blinds allow you to hide in the vegetation or ground, providing a comfortable and effective way to stay hidden.

Camouflage clothing should be chosen to match the surrounding environment. Opt for patterns that blend well with the open field, such as grass or wheat patterns. Additionally, face masks, gloves, and hats in matching camouflage can help break up your human silhouette and make you less visible to ducks flying overhead.

Remember, the key to successful open field duck hunting lies in having the right equipment and gear. Selecting the appropriate shotgun and ammunition, strategically placing decoys, and effectively concealing yourself with blinds and camouflage will greatly increase your chances of a productive hunt.

Hunting Techniques for Open Field Duck Hunting

Decoy spreads for attracting ducks

One of the key factors in successful open field duck hunting is setting up an effective decoy spread. Ducks are naturally attracted to other ducks, so creating a realistic and enticing spread can greatly increase your chances of attracting them to your hunting area.

When setting up your decoy spread, it’s important to consider the wind direction. Ducks typically land and take off into the wind, so position your decoys accordingly. A common technique is to create a "U" or "J" shape with your decoys, with the open end facing into the wind. This creates a natural landing zone for ducks.

It’s also important to vary the types of decoys you use. Mixing different species of ducks in your spread can add realism and make it more attractive to passing flocks. Place the decoys in a way that imitates natural behaviors, such as feeding or resting. This will make the spread look more natural and appealing to ducks.

Calling techniques and strategies

Calling is another crucial aspect of open field duck hunting. Using the right calling techniques and strategies can help you grab the attention of passing ducks and convince them to come closer.

Start by using a variety of duck calls to imitate different duck sounds. This can include quacks, feeding calls, and comeback calls. By using a combination of these calls, you can create a realistic soundscape that will attract ducks.

It’s important to observe the behavior of ducks in your hunting area. Pay attention to the sounds they make and try to mimic them. This will make your calls more convincing and increase your chances of attracting ducks.

Remember to use calling sparingly and strategically. Overcalling can make ducks suspicious and wary, so it’s important to know when to call and when to remain silent. Pay attention to the reaction of ducks to your calls and adjust accordingly.

Concealment and patience

Concealment and patience are essential when hunting ducks in open fields. Ducks have keen eyesight and can easily spot any movement or unnatural elements in their surroundings. To increase your chances of success, it’s important to blend in with your environment and remain still.

Choose a hunting blind or natural cover that matches the surroundings. This can include using natural vegetation or setting up a portable blind that matches the field’s vegetation pattern. Ensure that your blind is well camouflaged and avoid any quick or unnecessary movements that might alert the ducks.

Patience is key in open field duck hunting. Ducks can take their time to approach a decoy spread, so it’s important to remain patient and wait for the right moment to take a shot. Avoid rushing or making sudden movements that could spook the ducks. Stay alert and ready, but also be willing to wait for the perfect opportunity.

By following these hunting techniques for open field duck hunting, you can increase your chances of success and have a rewarding hunting experience. Remember to adapt your strategies based on the specific conditions and behavior of ducks in your hunting area. Happy hunting!


In conclusion, duck hunting in open fields requires a combination of knowledge, skill, and patience. By employing the right techniques and utilizing the necessary equipment, hunters can increase their chances of success in these open areas. It is important to understand the behavior and habitat of ducks, as well as the use of decoys and calls to attract them. Additionally, maintaining camouflage and being aware of wind direction can greatly improve the hunting experience. With practice and experience, hunters can develop their own strategies and adapt to different situations in order to achieve a rewarding and exhilarating duck hunting experience in open fields. Happy hunting!