Animal Hunting Tips: How to Store and Preserve Game Meat

Animal hunting is a thrilling and age-old activity that requires skill and knowledge to ensure success. If you are an avid hunter, it is essential to learn how to store and preserve game meat properly. Proper storage and preservation techniques not only maintain the meat’s quality and flavor but also ensure its safety for consumption. In this article, we will provide you with valuable tips and insights on how to effectively store and preserve game meat, allowing you to make the most of your hunting experience.

Preparing Game Meat for Storage

Field Dressing

Field dressing is an essential step in preparing game meat for storage. It involves removing the internal organs and entrails of the animal as soon as possible after the hunt. This process not only helps in preserving the quality of the meat but also reduces the risk of contamination.

To field dress the game, follow these steps:

  1. Start by locating the animal’s anus and making a small incision around it.
  2. Carefully cut along the belly up towards the chest, taking caution not to puncture any organs.
  3. Once the incision is made, pull out the internal organs, including the intestines, liver, heart, and lungs.
  4. Dispose of the organs properly or save them for other uses if desired.
  5. Rinse the cavity with cold water to remove any residual blood or debris.
  6. Wipe the inside of the cavity dry with paper towels or a clean cloth.

Field dressing should be done as soon as possible after the hunt to minimize the growth of bacteria and to maintain the freshness of the meat. It is crucial to handle the meat with clean hands and tools to avoid cross-contamination.

Cooling and Aging

After field dressing, the next step is to cool and age the game meat. Proper cooling and aging contribute to the tenderness and flavor of the meat. Here’s what you need to do:

  1. Hang the game carcass in a cool, well-ventilated area. Ideally, the temperature should be between 32°F and 40°F.
  2. Allow the meat to hang for at least 24 hours. This period allows natural enzymes to break down the muscle fibers, enhancing the tenderness.
  3. If the weather conditions are warm, consider using a cooler or refrigerator to maintain the desired temperature.
  4. Ensure that the carcass is hung in a way that allows air circulation around it, preventing the growth of bacteria.

During the aging process, it’s important to regularly check the meat for any signs of spoilage, such as a foul smell or abnormal discoloration. If any issues arise, it may be necessary to discard the meat to avoid consuming spoiled game.


Once the game meat has been properly field dressed, cooled, and aged, it is ready for butchering. Butchering involves breaking down the carcass into manageable cuts of meat for storage and consumption. Follow these steps for effective butchering:

  1. Begin by sharpening your knives to ensure clean and precise cuts.
  2. Carefully remove the desired cuts of meat from the carcass, such as steaks, roasts, or ground meat.
  3. Trim off any excess fat or connective tissue from the meat.
  4. Package the cuts in airtight plastic bags or vacuum-sealed bags to prevent freezer burn.
  5. Label each package with the type of meat, date of processing, and any additional notes.
  6. Store the packaged meat in a freezer set at 0°F or below.

Proper butchering techniques and packaging are vital for maintaining the quality and flavor of the game meat during storage. Remember to handle the meat with clean hands and equipment throughout the process to minimize the risk of contamination.

By following these steps for field dressing, cooling and aging, and butchering, you can ensure that your game meat is properly prepared for storage. This will help you enjoy delicious meals from your hunting expeditions for months to come.

Storing Game Meat

When it comes to hunting, one of the most rewarding aspects is enjoying the delicious and nutritious meat harvested from the game. Properly storing and preserving game meat is essential to maintain its quality and flavor. Here are three popular methods for storing game meat: refrigeration, freezing, and canning.


Refrigeration is a common and convenient method for short-term storage of game meat. By keeping the meat at temperatures below 40°F (4°C), you can slow down the growth of bacteria and extend its shelf life. Here are some tips for refrigerating game meat:

  1. Temperature Control: Set your refrigerator to the appropriate temperature and maintain it consistently. Use a refrigerator thermometer to ensure it stays within the safe range.

  2. Packaging: Properly package the game meat in airtight containers or vacuum-sealed bags to prevent air exposure and minimize the risk of bacterial contamination.

  3. Organization: Arrange the meat in a way that allows for proper air circulation to ensure even cooling. It is advisable to place the meat on a wire rack or tray to allow any moisture to drip off.

  4. Storage Duration: Game meat stored in the refrigerator can typically last for 3 to 5 days. It is important to consume or properly preserve the meat within this time frame to avoid spoilage.


Freezing game meat is an excellent long-term storage method that preserves its freshness and flavor for several months. Follow these guidelines for freezing game meat effectively:

  1. Preparation: Before freezing, ensure that the meat is clean, trimmed, and free from any contaminants. Divide it into suitable portions based on your intended use.

  2. Packaging: Wrap the game meat tightly in moisture-resistant freezer paper, heavy-duty aluminum foil, or place it in freezer-safe bags. Make sure to remove as much air as possible to prevent freezer burn.

  3. Labeling: Clearly label each package with the type of meat and the date of freezing. This will help you keep track of its freshness and avoid confusion when selecting portions for consumption.

  4. Storage Duration: Game meat stored in a freezer can remain safe to eat for 6 to 12 months. However, for the best quality, it is recommended to consume it within 4 to 6 months.


Canning is an alternative method for preserving game meat that offers long shelf life and convenience. It involves cooking the meat in jars at high temperatures to kill bacteria and create a vacuum seal. Here are some key points to consider when canning game meat:

  1. Equipment: Ensure you have the necessary canning equipment, including jars, lids, and a pressure canner. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper usage and safety precautions.

  2. Preparation: Prepare the game meat by cutting it into suitable pieces and properly seasoning or marinating it. Follow a trusted canning recipe that provides guidelines for meat preservation.

  3. Processing: Pack the prepared meat into sterilized jars, leaving adequate headspace. Follow the recommended processing time and pressure for your altitude to ensure safe preservation.

  4. Storage Duration: Canned game meat can remain safe to consume for up to one year or even longer if stored in a cool, dark place. However, it is advisable to consume it within the first year for optimal taste and quality.

By following these storage and preservation methods, you can ensure that your game meat stays fresh, safe, and delicious for an extended period. Whether you choose refrigeration, freezing, or canning, make sure to prioritize food safety and enjoy the fruits of your hunting endeavors.

Preserving Game Meat

Preserving game meat is essential to ensure its freshness and flavor are maintained for an extended period. There are several methods you can use to preserve game meat, including jerking, smoking, and curing.


Jerky is a popular method of preserving game meat that has been used for centuries. It involves drying the meat to remove moisture, which prevents the growth of bacteria and extends its shelf life. Here are a few tips for making delicious jerky:

  1. Start by selecting lean cuts of game meat, such as venison or elk, as they are ideal for jerky making.
  2. Trim off any excess fat from the meat as it can become rancid during the drying process.
  3. Slice the meat into thin, even strips to ensure consistent drying.
  4. Marinate the meat in a mixture of your choice, containing ingredients like soy sauce, Worcestershire sauce, and spices, for enhanced flavor.
  5. After marinating, lay the meat strips on a drying rack or dehydrator trays, leaving space between them for proper air circulation.
  6. Set the dehydrator to a low temperature (around 160°F or 70°C) and let the meat dry for several hours until it reaches the desired texture.
  7. Store the jerky in airtight containers or vacuum-sealed bags to maintain its freshness.


Smoking is another fantastic method for preserving game meat while adding a distinct smoky flavor. Here’s how you can smoke game meat to perfection:

  1. Choose a suitable wood for smoking, such as hickory, apple, or mesquite, as it greatly influences the meat’s flavor.
  2. Prepare the game meat by trimming excess fat and seasoning it with your favorite spices and herbs.
  3. Preheat your smoker to a temperature between 180°F to 225°F (82°C to 107°C).
  4. Place the meat on the smoker racks, ensuring enough space between each piece for the smoke to circulate.
  5. Add wood chunks or chips to the smoker box or directly onto the coals to generate smoke.
  6. Smoke the meat slowly, maintaining a consistent temperature, until it reaches the desired level of doneness.
  7. Once smoked, let the meat rest for a few minutes before slicing and serving.
  8. Leftover smoked game meat can be stored in airtight containers in the refrigerator for a few days or frozen for longer-term preservation.


Curing is a preservation technique that involves using salt and other ingredients to enhance the flavor and extend the shelf life of game meat. Follow these steps to cure game meat effectively:

  1. Begin by selecting high-quality cuts of game meat, preferably with a good amount of fat, as it adds flavor and helps with the curing process.
  2. Prepare a curing mixture by combining salt, sugar, and any desired spices or herbs in the right proportions.
  3. Rub the curing mixture thoroughly onto the meat, ensuring all sides are evenly coated.
  4. Place the meat in a non-reactive container, such as a plastic or glass dish, and cover it tightly.
  5. Refrigerate the meat for the recommended curing time, usually several days to a week, depending on the thickness of the cuts.
  6. After the curing period, rinse off the excess curing mixture and pat the meat dry.
  7. Hang the meat in a cool, well-ventilated area to air-dry for a few days until it develops a firm texture.
  8. Once cured, slice the meat thinly and store it in airtight containers or vacuum-sealed bags to maintain its freshness.

By utilizing these preservation methods, you can enjoy the deliciousness of game meat long after the hunting season has ended. Whether you prefer jerky, smoked, or cured game meat, these techniques will help you savor the flavors of your hunting success for months to come.

In conclusion, learning how to properly store and preserve game meat is essential for any hunter. By following these tips, hunters can prolong the freshness and quality of their meat, ensuring that it can be enjoyed for months to come. From choosing the right storage methods to utilizing proper packaging techniques, hunters can maintain the flavors and textures of their hard-earned game. So, the next time you embark on a hunting trip, remember to prioritize the preservation of your meat. Happy hunting!