The Ultimate Guide to Turkey Hunting: Tips and Tricks from a Seasoned Turkey Hunter

The Ultimate Guide to Turkey Hunting: Tips and Tricks from a Seasoned Turkey Hunter

Are you a passionate turkey hunter looking to enhance your skills and improve your success rate? Look no further! In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with valuable tips and tricks from a seasoned turkey hunter. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced hunter, our expert advice and insights will help you become a more effective and efficient turkey hunter. From scouting techniques to calling strategies, we have got you covered. Get ready to take your turkey hunting game to the next level!

The Basics of Turkey Hunting

Choosing the Right Gear

When it comes to turkey hunting, having the right gear is essential for a successful hunt. Here are some key items to consider:

  1. Shotgun: A 12-gauge shotgun is the most popular choice for turkey hunting as it provides adequate power and range. Make sure to choose one with a tight choke for better accuracy.

  2. Ammunition: Opt for turkey-specific loads that are designed to deliver a dense pattern and have a high shot count. The recommended shot size is usually #4, #5, or #6.

  3. Camouflage Clothing: Blend into your surroundings by wearing camouflaged clothing that matches the terrain. Consider using a ghillie suit or a face mask to further conceal your presence.

  4. Turkey Calls: Learn to use turkey calls effectively to mimic the sounds made by turkeys. There are various types of calls, including box calls, slate calls, diaphragm calls, and locator calls. Practice using them to attract turkeys.

  5. Decoys: Adding turkey decoys to your setup can greatly increase your chances of luring in turkeys. Look for realistic decoys that mimic the appearance and posture of a turkey.

Understanding Turkey Behavior

To become a successful turkey hunter, it’s crucial to understand the behavior of these elusive birds. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  1. Roosting: Turkeys roost in trees at night for safety. Early in the morning, they fly down from their roosts to start their day. By locating roosting areas, you can set up your hunting spot accordingly.

  2. Strutting: During the breeding season, male turkeys (known as toms or gobblers) display their dominance by puffing up their feathers and fanning out their tails in a behavior called strutting. Look for signs of strutting such as drag marks or feathers fanning out on the ground.

  3. Vocalizations: Turkeys communicate through a variety of vocalizations, including gobbles, yelps, clucks, and purrs. Understanding these calls and learning to replicate them can help you attract turkeys to your hunting area.

  4. Flocking: Turkeys often gather in flocks, especially during non-breeding seasons. If you spot a flock, observe their behavior to understand their movement patterns and feeding habits.

Scouting for Turkeys

Scouting is an essential part of turkey hunting that involves locating areas where turkeys frequent. Here are some tips for effective scouting:

  1. Tracks and Sign: Look for turkey tracks, droppings, feathers, and scratch marks on the ground. These signs indicate recent turkey activity and can help you identify potential hunting spots.

  2. Roosting Areas: Pay attention to trees with low-hanging branches and signs of droppings or feathers beneath them. These are likely roosting areas where turkeys spend their nights.

  3. Food Sources: Turkeys feed on a variety of food sources, including acorns, insects, berries, and seeds. Look for feeding areas with abundant food sources to increase your chances of finding turkeys.

  4. Water Sources: Turkeys need access to water, so scout for areas with nearby ponds, creeks, or rivers. These water sources serve as gathering spots for turkeys, especially during dry periods.

Remember, successful turkey hunting requires patience, practice, and a deep understanding of turkey behavior. By choosing the right gear, understanding their behavior, and scouting effectively, you’ll increase your chances of a rewarding turkey hunting experience. Happy hunting!

Preparing for the Hunt

Creating a Hunting Plan

Before heading out for turkey hunting, it is essential to create a well-thought-out hunting plan. A hunting plan helps you stay organized and increases your chances of success. Here are some key steps to include in your hunting plan:

  1. Research the Area: Spend time researching the area where you plan to hunt turkeys. Look for information about turkey populations, their behavior, and common roosting areas. This knowledge will help you identify prime hunting spots and determine the best times to hunt.

  2. Scout the Area: Prior to the hunting season, make sure to scout the hunting area. Look for turkey signs such as tracks, feathers, and droppings. Pay attention to roosting sites, feeding areas, and travel routes. This will give you valuable insights into the turkeys’ patterns and allow you to choose the most strategic locations for setting up.

  3. Obtain Necessary Permits and Licenses: Check the local hunting regulations and obtain all the necessary permits and licenses. Make sure you are aware of the hunting season dates, bag limits, and any specific rules or restrictions that apply to turkey hunting in your area.

  4. Prepare Your Gear: Gather all the essential gear for turkey hunting. This includes a reliable shotgun or bow, camouflage clothing, quality turkey calls, decoys, and necessary accessories such as blinds, chairs, and backpacks. Make sure your gear is in good working condition and practice using it before the hunt.

Practicing Your Calling

One of the most crucial skills for turkey hunting is mastering the art of calling. Turkeys are highly vocal creatures, and using the right calls can attract them within range. Here are some tips for practicing your calling:

  1. Learn Different Calls: Familiarize yourself with the various turkey calls, including the basic yelp, cluck, purr, and gobble. Each call serves a specific purpose and can be used to communicate with turkeys in different situations. Practice each call separately to develop your proficiency.

  2. Use Turkey Call Apps or Recordings: Utilize turkey call apps or recordings to hear the sounds made by live turkeys. This will help you understand the nuances and inflections in their calls, enabling you to replicate them more accurately. Use these resources to practice your calling techniques and improve your ability to mimic natural turkey sounds.

  3. Practice Different Situations: Try to simulate real hunting scenarios while practicing your calling. Imagine different scenarios such as a turkey approaching, a distant turkey responding, or multiple turkeys calling back and forth. This will help you become more versatile and adaptable in the field.

  4. Seek Feedback: Don’t hesitate to seek feedback from experienced turkey hunters or join local hunting clubs or forums. Sharing your calling recordings or participating in calling competitions can provide valuable insights and constructive criticism to enhance your skills.

Setting Up Decoys

Using realistic decoys is an effective tactic for luring turkeys into range. Here are some guidelines for setting up decoys:

  1. Choose the Right Decoys: Select decoys that closely resemble the appearance and posture of turkeys. Look for high-quality, lifelike decoys that feature realistic colors, feather patterns, and body postures. Consider using a mix of hen and tom decoys to create a more convincing setup.

  2. Positioning and Placement: Strategically place your decoys to imitate natural turkey behavior. Set them within clear sight of your hunting spot, preferably in an open area or near a known turkey travel route. Position the decoys facing different directions to increase their visibility and create a more realistic scene.

  3. Add Motion: Turkeys are more likely to be attracted to decoys that exhibit slight movement. Consider using decoys with built-in motion features, such as a bobbing head or swaying body. Additionally, you can manually introduce movement by gently pulling on a string attached to the decoy or using a remote-controlled device.

  4. Blend with Surroundings: Ensure your decoys blend seamlessly with the surrounding environment. Use natural cover such as grass, leaves, or branches to conceal any visible stand or stakes. Avoid placing decoys in unnatural or cluttered settings that could raise suspicion among wary turkeys.

By following these preparations, practicing your calling techniques, and setting up decoys strategically, you will greatly increase your chances of a successful turkey hunt. Remember, patience and persistence are key when it comes to turkey hunting, so stay focused and enjoy the experience of being in the wild.

Advanced Techniques for Turkey Hunting

Mastering Different Calls

One of the key skills to master in turkey hunting is the art of calling. Different calls can be used to imitate various turkey sounds, such as clucks, purrs, yelps, and gobbles. Each call serves a specific purpose and can be used to attract turkeys in different situations.

Box Calls

Box calls are one of the most popular and versatile turkey calls. They are made of a rectangular wooden box with a paddle on top. By sliding the paddle across the box’s walls, you can produce a range of turkey sounds, from soft purrs to loud yelps. It is essential to practice using a box call to achieve realistic and convincing turkey sounds.

Mouth Calls

Mouth calls, also known as diaphragm calls, are placed inside the hunter’s mouth. They consist of a latex or rubber reed and are controlled by the hunter’s tongue and airflow. Mouth calls require more practice and skill to master compared to box calls, but they offer the advantage of leaving the hunter’s hands free to handle their weapon. Experimenting with different mouth calls and practicing different techniques can help you become proficient at producing accurate turkey sounds.

Slate Calls

Slate calls, also called pot calls, consist of a round piece of slate or glass set in a wooden or plastic pot. By rubbing a striker against the slate, you can create a variety of turkey sounds. Slate calls are known for producing realistic purrs and soft clucks, making them ideal for close-range hunting or when dealing with wary gobblers.

Using Natural Cover

Using natural cover effectively is crucial for increasing your chances of a successful turkey hunt. Turkeys have keen eyesight and can easily spot any movement or unnatural shapes. By blending in with your surroundings, you can remain undetected and get closer to your target.

Camouflage Clothing

Wearing appropriate camouflage clothing that matches the terrain you are hunting in is essential. Opt for patterns that mimic the colors and textures of the environment, such as woodland or grassland patterns. Additionally, consider using a face mask, gloves, and a hat to ensure that no exposed skin or shiny surfaces give away your presence.


Besides wearing camouflage, it is important to utilize natural cover to hide yourself. Look for dense bushes, trees, or rocks that can break up your silhouette and provide adequate concealment. Position yourself strategically, taking into account the turkey’s likely approach and the available cover that will keep you hidden.

Employing Ambush Tactics

Employing ambush tactics can be an effective strategy when turkey hunting, especially during the mating season when gobblers are actively searching for hens. By setting up in the right location and using decoys strategically, you can lure gobblers into range for a clean shot.


Using turkey decoys can be an excellent technique to attract gobblers and keep them focused on something other than your position. Place the decoys in an open area where they are visible from a distance. Consider using a combination of hen and gobbler decoys to create a realistic scene that can pique the interest of passing turkeys.

Setting Up

When setting up for an ambush, consider the turkey’s behavior and habits. Find a spot with good visibility and cover, ensuring you have a clear shooting lane. Position yourself downwind from where you expect the turkeys to approach, as their sense of smell is highly developed. By setting up in an area with natural funnels, such as ridges or narrow openings between vegetation, you can increase the chances of turkeys moving within range.

Remember, mastering advanced techniques for turkey hunting takes time and practice. By honing your calling skills, blending in with natural cover, and strategically ambushing turkeys, you can greatly improve your chances of a successful hunt.

The Ultimate Guide to Turkey Hunting: Tips and Tricks from a Seasoned Turkey Hunter offers a comprehensive and invaluable resource for both novice and experienced hunters alike. This article has provided a wealth of knowledge on everything from scouting and calling techniques to gear recommendations and safety precautions. By following the expert advice shared here, hunters can increase their chances of a successful and memorable turkey hunting experience. So, grab your gear, hone your skills, and get ready to embark on an exciting and rewarding adventure in the world of turkey hunting. Happy hunting!