The Predator’s Prey: What Do Polar Bears Hunt?


Polar bears are one of the largest carnivorous mammals on earth. These magnificent animals live in the Arctic region, where they have adapted to survive in a harsh environment. They rely heavily on their hunting skills to find food and sustain themselves throughout the year.

Polar Bear Diet

Polar bears are opportunistic predators, meaning that they will eat anything available if it is highly nutritious and easily accessible. The main diet of polar bears consists of seals, particularly ringed and bearded seals which can be found in abundance near ice floes. Polar bears hunt by scenting their prey through holes in the ice or simply waiting for them to emerge from underwater breathing holes.

Other Prey Species

Apart from seals, polar bears may also feed on walruses, beluga whales or narwhals when they migrate close to shore during certain times of the year. Additionally, these large carnivores may scavenge carcasses left behind by other predators such as wolves and foxes.

Hunting Techniques

Polar bears use various techniques while hunting their prey depending on circumstances such as seasonality or location. One common technique involves stalking their prey until they get within striking distance before making a quick dash towards them. Alternatively, when hunting seal pups that cannot swim long distances yet, polar bears sometimes dig into snowdrifts near birthing lairs and wait for an opportunity to catch one off-guard.


In conclusion, polar bears are skilled hunters who require abundant food sources to maintain healthy populations in their natural habitat. As climate change continues to melt sea ice earlier each spring reducing access to essential resources like seals; conservation efforts must focus on protecting these apex predators’ habitats so that we can enjoy watching them thrive for generations to come!